How to Cite Printed and Digital Books in Your Paper with APA Format?

How to Cite Printed and Digital Books in Your Paper with APA Format


When you hear the phrase citing in an essay, the first thing that might come in your mind is “OMG lots of work ahead”. In fact, it is very true that citation increases workload for a student who is already overstressed due to numerous smaller to lengthier research and writing projects. Whatever the case is, you can’t skip citation because it is a highly important part of a writing task. So if you have to do it, do it properly rather than wasting your time. If you don’t know Citation, APA or APA formatting guideline, you must know these things but before learning anything else you should also know why citation is important:

Why Is It Important to Cite References?

There are various key reasons to cite all the references in your paper and just few of them are given below to help you understand why it is very important:

  • Reason 1: When you want to write a quality paper, you have to do a lot of research work to get authentic sources of information and citation lets your users know that you really have done wonderful research.
  • Reason 2: It is your ethical responsibility of a writer to acknowledge and appreciate the efforts of other writers and researchers. Citation is the best way to let them know that their work is appreciable and you admire it.
  • Reason 3: If you use someone else ideas and thoughts in your paper without proper citation, it will be considered as an act of plagiarism which is prohibited and strongly discouraged. However, proper citation will help you stay away from plagiarism penalty.
  • Reason 4: It this way, you enable your readers to go through the resources that you found useful and worth to use in your paper. You can use a reference list, footnotes or bibliography in your work.

What Does APA Stand for?

Basically APA stands for American Psychological Association that has taken the responsibility to introduce and improve APA Style guidelines. APA citation has become the most popular way of citing references in a paper. Most of the educationalists throughout the country prefer to follow APA format and thus they instruct their students to follow the same while they are writing their papers. If you find any difficulty in writing, you better get essay help from professionals instead of wasting time.

What is the Main Purpose of APA Style?

Some of the students might think that their teachers instruct them to follow APA style because these are more complicated than the others. On contrary to their opinion, the basic purpose of APA Style is to facilitate writers who need to develop a very well structured and clear communication system between their writing and readers. APA styles greatly help you achieve all your targets that you want through your writing.

Main Types and Essentials of APA Citation System

Two Main Types of Citation 

  • In-Text: In-text citation can be used anywhere in your paper within its body and you usually use it when you want to give a direct rephrase portion that you don’t want to change. You can put here a link to allow readers track back the original creator of the idea or source.
  • Reference: Reference citation is simply a list of references or resources that you have used throughout your paper or used to pick necessary information. The list is added at the last part of the paper. You can cite anything like an article, a website, a book or anything else to be worth reading.

Four Main Components of Citation 

  • Open a New Page: To give references, a new page should be opened that may start with a running title.
  • Create a Title: You need to create a title that should be worded as References. REMEMBER: It should neither be italics/ underlined nor quoted with marks. Though, you can make it centralized and bold.
  • Put Entries: There might be various entries and all of them can be alphabetized and double spaced. Putting the entries in alphabetical order will surely help readers to go through them with more ease.
  • Information Sources: In this section, you provide main sources of necessary information and each source should be cited with a reference/link.

See These Examples of Citation

Printed Book: How to Cite?

When you want to cite a printed book, you don’t have to look too far for the required information because most of the details are found within title or first few pages of the book. For example, you need the following components:

  • Book Title
  • Author
  • Publisher
  • Publisher City
  • Publication Year

Find all information in the book and create a citation like this.

Example: William, J.K. (1982). The Serial Killer. New York, US: Instant Publication.

Digital Book: How to Cite?

If you want to cite an e-book that should be read on a kind of electronic device like a Kindle Reader, Ipad or computer etc, you should follow below given example. Like a printed, you again need some information

  • Work Title
  • Author
  • Version
  • Year of publication
  • Where to retrieve from

Example: Magan, M.J. (1992). The Eternal Destination (Book 3) [Kindle Version]. Retrieved from